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Explore enchanting Turkey: from the historical wonders of Istanbul to the pristine beaches of the Mediterranean coast

Explore enchanting Turkey: from the historical wonders of Istanbul to the pristine beaches of the Mediterranean coast

Turkey is a country with a huge variety of tourist attractions, both natural and cultural.

In 2022 there were around 51 million tourists who visited it, both for business and holiday reasons.

Tourists are mainly attracted by the beautiful Istanbul, Cappadocia and ancient Troy.

Turkey is a country with a rich history and a diverse culture, reflecting its geographical location straddling Asia and Europe.

Turkey has been influenced by different cultures, such as Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Ottoman and Persian, and these influences are reflected in its art, architecture, cuisine and music.

Turkey is a country with a wide variety of landscapes, ranging from the sandy beaches of the coastal regions to the snow-capped mountains of the interior. There are also numerous opportunities for hiking and outdoor activities, such as hiking, rafting and paragliding.


Best time to go to Turkey

All periods are best to visit any country, it depends on what you want to see and do.

If you want to visit it excluding the summer period, the best periods are spring (April to June) and autumn (September to October), where temperatures are mild and there is little tourism.

If you are looking for a beach holiday, the best period is certainly the summer (from June to August).

For curtural events the periods are always good, it depends on when these are done, and therefore inquire in advance which event to participate in.


Climate in Turkey

The climate in Turkey varies according to the region and the season.

In coastal regions, temperatures during the summer can reach 30°C and more, while during the winter they can drop to 5°C and below.

In inland regions, temperatures are very different, with summer temperatures that can exceed 40°C, and winter temperatures that can drop below zero.


What to visit in Turkey

Turkey is a country with a huge variety of tourist attractions, ranging from the ruins of the ancient city of Ephesus to the sandy beaches of the Mediterranean coast.

Other tourist attractions include the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, the Sumela Monastery in the Trabzon region and the Kültepe archaeological site in the Kayseri region.

If you go to Istanbul don't miss:

  • the Grand Bazaar (Kapalıçarşı in Turkish) is one of the most famous covered markets in the world, and is located in the heart of Istanbul, in the historic part of the city. The Grand Bazaar is the perfect place to shop for souvenirs, spices, carpets, jewelry and other typical Turkish products. It is very busy, with around 4,000 shops and around 400,000 visitors a day. It covers an area of about 30 hectares, and is divided into numerous corridors and courtyards, where you can find shops selling spices, jewellery, carpets, clothing and other products.
  • Çemberlitaş Hamam is probably the most famous Turkish bath in Istanbul. The Çemberlitaş Hamam was built by Sinan in 1584 during the tenure of Sultana Nurbanu, born in Venice in the mid-16th century and brought to Istanbul by Ottoman corsairs.
  • the Blue Mosque (Turkish: Sultan Ahmet Camii) is the most famous a famous mosque in Istanbul. It is located in the historic part of the city, near the Grand Bazaar and the Basilica Cistern. It is fascinating to visit, and is regarded as one of the prime examples of Ottoman architecture.

Turkish cuisine and drinks

Turkish cuisine is famous for its variety of flavors and the use of fresh ingredients and spices.

The most famous specialties are kebab, meze, baklava, and tavuk göğsü (a dessert made with chicken and milk). Turkey is also famous for its tea, which is served in small handleless cups.

As for where to eat, in Turkey there are numerous restaurants, cafes, lokantalar (which are popular restaurants) and markets.


Useful travel information

Here is some useful travel information:

  • Capital: Ankara. However the most populated city is Istanbul
  • Population: 84 million
  • Area: 783,000 sq km
  • Form of government: Presidential parliamentary republic
  • Temperature: temperatures depend on the areas where you go and can vary from below zero during the winter (inland regions) to 40°C always in inland areas, and 30°C in coastal areas.
  • Languages: the official language is Turkish, but in many areas Kurdish is spoken as a second language, and Arabic. English can be considered as a third language.
  • Currency: Turkish lira (TRY). For example, at the publication of this article, 1 euro is equivalent to about 8.50 TRY. The coin is used in 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 TRY notes and in 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 TRY coins. The exchange changes from day to day.
  • Documents: You must have a valid passport. Upon entry, an entry stamp will be placed in your passport. If you stay in Turkey for more than 90 days, you need to obtain a residence permit.
  • Vaccinations: There are no mandatory vaccinations to enter Turkey, but it is recommended that you are up to date with the vaccinations recommended by the World Health Organization.


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